Arowana Fish

A Comprehensive Guide to Arowana Fish: Everything You Need to Know

Dive into the majestic world of Arowana Fish, a prized Asian freshwater species, and learn about their care, breeding, and preservation efforts.

Did you know that a single Asian Arowana can fetch prices upwards of $300,000? This captivating statistic underscores the immense value placed on these majestic creatures, often revered as “Dragon Fish” for their association with prosperity and good fortune. In this guide, I dive deep into the exotic world of Arowana fish, presenting essential insights for anyone passionate about these freshwater aquarium fish. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced hobbyist, you’ll discover everything you need to know about Arowana care, from habitat setup to dietary requirements and more.

Key Takeaways

  • Arowana fish, also known as Dragon Fish, are highly valued and considered auspicious across many cultures.
  • The care of Arowana fish involves specific requirements, making them suitable for dedicated hobbyists.
  • An optimal habitat setup is crucial for ensuring the well-being and longevity of these freshwater aquarium fish.
  • Arowana fish primarily have a carnivorous diet, necessitating knowledge of appropriate live and commercial food options.
  • Conservation efforts are vital due to the endangered status of some Arowana species, emphasizing sustainable fish keeping.

Introduction to Arowana Fish

As one of the most revered and beautiful freshwater species, the Asian Arowana captivates aquarium hobbyists around the world. Often hailed as a symbol of prosperity and good fortune, this exotic fish holds a special place in various cultures, particularly in Asia.

The allure of the Asian Arowana lies not only in its vibrant, metallic scales but also in the unique care it demands. Understanding the maintenance of this freshwater species requires a delicate balance that every serious aquarium hobbyist must grasp. These fish are known for their intricate behavior and specific habitat needs, which makes them unlike any other freshwater species found in home aquariums.

Whether you’re a seasoned fish keeper or just venturing into the world of exotic fish, the Asian Arowana represents a valuable addition. By investing time in learning their unique requirements, you can enjoy the presence of these magnificent creatures while ensuring their well-being and longevity.

  1. Enclosure size and environment
  2. Water quality and temperature control
  3. Feeding habits
  4. Social behavior and tank mates

From their distinguished appearance to their storied significance as a symbol of prosperity, the Asian Arowana embodies both beauty and tradition. The thoughtful care for these fish reflects one’s dedication and respect for living art.

Indeed, for aquarium hobbyists, the journey of caring for an Asian Arowana can be exceptionally rewarding, bringing both prosperity and a deeper connection to the art of fish keeping.

Arowana Species Overview

Among the most captivating Freshwater Aquarium Fish are the Silver Arowana and Jardini Arowana. These majestic species, known for their unique beauty and elegance, require specific care and environmental conditions to thrive. Their carnivorous diet and sensitivity to water quality highlight the intermediate to advanced level of care necessary for their well-being.

Silver Arowana, often celebrated for their iridescent scales, are a favorite among aquarium enthusiasts. These impressive fish can grow up to 3 feet in length and require a spacious tank to accommodate their size and active nature. Being carnivorous, they thrive on a diet rich in protein, typically consuming live or frozen food such as shrimp, insects, and small fish.

Similarly, Jardini Arowana, another esteemed species, exhibit remarkable patterns and hues. These fish grow to an average length of 2 feet and demand a similarly large aquarium setup. Their diet is also carnivorous, making them just as proficient hunters within a controlled environment. Ensuring a fresh, diverse diet is crucial to their health and vibrant coloration.

Both species exhibit a degree of aggression, especially if housed with incompatible tank mates. It is important to monitor their behavior and provide an environment that mimics their natural habitat, complete with adequate hiding spots and ample swimming space. Regular water changes and pristine water conditions are vital to prevent ailments and promote longevity.

The following table compares the key attributes of Silver Arowana and Jardini Arowana:

Attribute Silver Arowana Jardini Arowana
Average Length Up to 3 feet Up to 2 feet
Diet Carnivorous Carnivorous
Tank Size Minimum 250 gallons Minimum 180 gallons
Behavior Moderately Aggressive Highly Aggressive
Water Conditions pH 6.5 – 7.0 pH 6.5 – 7.5

With proper care, both Silver Arowana and Jardini Arowana can become the centerpiece of any Freshwater Aquarium Fish collection. However, their specific requirements and potential for aggressive behavior necessitate a committed and informed approach to their care.

Habitat and Tank Setup for Arowana

Creating the perfect habitat for your Arowana is crucial for its health and well-being. Ensuring that your Arowana has a proper tank setup is vital to accommodate its growth and maintain a stable environment. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how to set up the ideal habitat.

Choosing the Right Enclosure

When selecting an enclosure, the aquarium size is paramount. Due to their size and activity level, Arowanas need substantial space to thrive. For juvenile Arowanas, an initial tank of at least 55 gallons is advisable, but as they grow, a minimum of 250 gallons is necessary to provide ample swimming room and reduce stress.

Setting Up Your Habitat

Setting up your habitat involves choosing the appropriate freshwater substrate and ensuring the tank is properly decorated. The substrate should be fine and free from sharp edges to prevent any injury to your Arowana. Adding decorations like driftwood and large rocks can mimic their natural environment. However, ensure these elements don’t take up too much space, leaving sufficient room for your Arowana to swim freely.

Filtration and Water Health

Filtrating your aquarium and maintaining water quality is essential for your Arowana’s longevity. A robust filtration system will help eliminate waste and toxins, keeping the water clean. It is also vital to routinely check the water’s parameters and use a water conditioner to neutralize harmful substances like chlorine and chloramine. This step ensures that the water is safe for your fish.

Aspect Recommendation
Initial Tank Size 55 gallons
Adult Tank Size 250+ gallons
Substrate Fine, smooth pebbles
Water Conditioner Use during every water change
Filtration High-capacity filter

Diet and Nutrition for Arowana Fish


Arowana Feeding

Proper Arowana feeding is paramount to maintaining their health and longevity. These magnificent carnivorous freshwater fish have specific nutritional needs that must be met through a balanced diet. Offering a variety of food sources can ensure that your Arowana thrives in captivity.

Recommended Foods

Arowana fish are natural predators in the wild, so incorporating live food into their diet is essential. Live food such as feeder fish, insects, and crustaceans provide the protein and nutrients required for growth and vibrance.

In addition to live food, commercially available options can meet the nutritional needs of these fish. High-quality pellets and frozen foods contain balanced nutrition that supports Arowana feeding.

Feeding Schedule

A structured feeding schedule ensures that your Arowana’s nutritional needs are consistently met. Young Arowanas should be fed smaller portions multiple times a day, while adults can be fed larger portions less frequently.

A typical feeding schedule might include:

  • Juveniles: 2-3 times daily
  • Adults: Once daily or every other day

By adhering to a routine, you foster a healthy diet and digestion for your carnivorous freshwater fish.

Arowana Breeding and Reproduction

Breeding Arowana fish is a fascinating yet challenging endeavor that requires precise conditions and detailed knowledge. To guide you through this intricate process, I will cover essential aspects of Arowana breeding and reproduction, including the ideal breeding conditions and the meticulous care necessary for fry.

Breeding Conditions

A successful Arowana breeding environment hinges on specific conditions that mimic their natural habitat. Tank size is crucial, and I recommend a spacious tank of at least 250 gallons. The water should maintain a steady temperature between 77°F to 82°F, with pH levels hovering around 6.5 to 7.5. Ensuring impeccable water quality through regular filtration and water changes is vital. Subdued lighting and plenty of hiding spots can also encourage breeding behavior.

Caring for Fry

Fry care is an intensive phase that demands focus and precision. Immediately after hatching, Arowana fry will still carry their yolk sacs, which provide nourishment for the first week. Once the yolk sac is absorbed, feeding should commence with a diet rich in live food such as brine shrimp and daphnia, transitioning to finely chopped fish and pellets as they grow. Properly maintaining water quality during this stage is essential to avoid fry mortality due to ammonia buildup.

Aspect Details
Tank Size 250 gallons minimum
Water Temperature 77°F – 82°F
pH Level 6.5 – 7.5
Ideal Diet for Fry Brine Shrimp, Daphnia, Chopped Fish
Important Techniques Regular Water Changes, Proper Filtration

Mastering fish breeding techniques is imperative to successfully raise young Arowana. By carefully observing the breeding conditions and ensuring diligent fry care, breeders can enjoy the rewarding process of watching Arowana reproduction unfold successfully in their aquariums.

Caring for Arowana: Tips and Best Practices


Arowana Care

Ensuring proper Arowana Care involves a combination of consistent Aquarium Maintenance, attentiveness to Arowana Behavioral Health, and meticulous Water Quality Management. Implementing these best practices can significantly enhance the welfare of your Arowana and maintain a thriving aquatic habitat.

Effective Water Quality Management begins with routine water changes and monitoring water parameters such as pH, temperature, and ammonia levels. Regularly testing the water ensures that the environment remains stable and favorable.

Here are some vital tips for successful Arowana Care:

  1. Regular Water Changes: Frequent water changes of 20-30% help maintain optimal water quality, reducing toxins that could harm your fish.
  2. Diet and Nutrition: Providing a varied diet, including live and frozen foods, ensures that your Arowana receives balanced nutrition.
  3. Behavioral Monitoring: Pay attention to signs of stress or unusual behavior. This is crucial in maintaining Arowana Behavioral Health.
  4. Aquarium Maintenance: Clean filters, substrates, and tank walls regularly to prevent the build-up of harmful bacteria and debris.

To further streamline the care routine, here is a comparison table to outline some essential practices:

Practice Description Frequency
Water Changes Replace 20-30% of tank water Weekly
Diet and Nutrition Offer a mixture of live and frozen food Daily
Behavioral Monitoring Observe for stress or health issues Daily
Aquarium Maintenance Clean filters and substrates Monthly

By adhering to these guidelines and maintaining a consistent care routine, you can ensure that your Arowana thrives in a healthy and stable environment. Effective Aquarium Maintenance combined with vigilant Water Quality Management and attentiveness to Arowana Behavioral Health will contribute significantly to the wellbeing of your prized fish.

Common Health Issues and Treatments

Ensuring optimal Arowana health requires vigilant monitoring and swift action at the first signs of distress. Common health issues can be minimized through proper disease prevention practices and maintaining a clean tank environment. This section breaks down the key indicators of health problems and effective treatment options.

Signs of Illness

Recognizing the early signs of stress in Arowana is crucial for timely intervention. Common indicators include loss of appetite, unusual swimming patterns, and changes in body color or texture. Additionally, visible symptoms like torn fins, white spots, or bloat can signal potential issues that necessitate immediate attention.

Treatment Options

When addressing Arowana health complications, an effective aquarium fish treatment plan is essential. Treatment options vary based on the specific ailment but typically involve quarantine measures, medicated food, and water conditioners aimed at disease prevention. Regular water changes and maintaining optimal tank conditions also play a pivotal role in recovery.

Health Issue Signs of Stress Treatment Options
Ich (White Spot Disease) White spots on scales Medicated bath, Raise water temperature
Fin Rot Torn or decaying fins Antibiotics, Regular water changes
Bloat Swollen abdomen Medicated food, Adjust diet
Fungal Infections Cotton-like growth on body Antifungal treatment, Improve water quality

By adhering to these guidelines, you can effectively mitigate health risks and ensure the well-being of your prized Arowana fish.

Conservation and Endangered Status of Arowana

Recognizing the Arowana’s plight as an endangered species is vital to preserving its existence. Various conservation initiatives have been implemented globally to safeguard these magnificent fish. Understanding these efforts enables us to appreciate the significance of continuing these important actions.

Importance of Conservation

Conservation efforts are critical in preventing the extinction of Arowana species. These majestic fish face numerous threats, primarily habitat loss and illegal poaching. By supporting Arowana conservation movements, we can contribute to a larger effort aimed at ensuring their survival for future generations. These initiatives focus on maintaining the delicate ecosystems that Arowanas inhabit and promoting the importance of lawful trade practices.

Breeding Programs and Efforts

Successful breeding programs play a crucial role in bolstering Arowana populations. These programs not only aim at increasing the number of Arowanas but also emphasize genetic diversity to strengthen the species’ resilience. Many organizations have made significant strides in breeding Arowanas, showcasing the potential for recovery when concerted efforts are made. The ongoing success of these initiatives highlights the power of collaborative efforts between governments, conservationists, and the private sector.

Conservation Efforts Impact Challenges
Habitat Preservation Sustains natural ecosystem Deforestation
Anti-Poaching Laws Reduces illegal trade Enforcement difficulties
Breeding Programs Increased population Genetic diversity maintenance
Public Awareness Gains public support Information dissemination

The continued success of Arowana habitat preservation efforts hinges upon the dedication and collaboration of all stakeholders involved. By appreciating these collective maneuvers, we acknowledge the challenges ahead while fostering hope through our shared commitment to conservation.


The journey into the world of Arowana aquarium enthusiasts is both rewarding and educational. By understanding the comprehensive care, habitat requirements, and dietary needs, we promote sustainable fish keeping practices. This not only ensures that our aquatic pets thrive but also upholds a commitment to aquatic ecosystem preservation.

Throughout this guide, I have underscored the critical aspects of maintaining a healthy environment for these exotic fish. From tank setup and water quality management to recognizing signs of stress and illness, each step emphasizes the importance of diligent Arowana care. Remember, the responsibility of keeping such a magnificent species goes hand-in-hand with continuous learning and adaptation to their needs.

Ultimately, responsible fish keeping extends beyond the immediate satisfaction of owning an Arowana. It involves a deep-seated respect for nature and an active role in preserving the delicate balance of our aquatic ecosystems. As we continue to cherish these majestic creatures, let us not forget our broader role in fostering a sustainable and environmentally conscious hobby. By doing so, we ensure that future generations can also experience the joy and fascination of keeping Arowana fish.


What are the different species of Arowana fish?

The most popular species of Arowana fish include the Silver Arowana, Asian Arowana (which encompasses Green Arowana and Red Arowana), and the Jardini Arowana. Each species has distinct characteristics and care requirements.

Why is the Asian Arowana considered a symbol of prosperity?

The Asian Arowana is often referred to as the Dragon Fish and is considered a symbol of prosperity and good fortune in various cultures, especially in Asia. This belief stems from the fish’s dragon-like appearance and its auspicious qualities in Feng Shui.

What should I consider when setting up an Arowana tank?

When setting up an Arowana tank, it’s important to choose a large enclosure that can accommodate the fish’s growth, use freshwater substrate, and maintain excellent water health with a robust filtration system. Additionally, using a water conditioner ensures the water is safe for your fish.

What is the ideal diet for an Arowana fish?

Arowanas are carnivorous freshwater fish that thrive on a diet of live food such as shrimp, insects, and small fish. A balanced feeding schedule, supplemented with high-quality commercial foods, ensures they receive the necessary nutrients for optimal health.

How do I breed Arowana fish?

Breeding Arowana fish requires specific conditions, including the right water parameters and a suitable environment. Once breeding occurs, it’s crucial to take careful steps in caring for the fry, employing appropriate fish breeding techniques to ensure their health and growth.

What are some best practices for Arowana care?

Regular aquarium maintenance, diligent water quality management, and monitoring Arowana behavioral health are essential for Arowana care. Providing a stable and conducive environment will help maintain their well-being and longevity.

How can I identify and treat common health issues in Arowana fish?

Common health issues in Arowana fish can be identified by signs of illness such as changes in behavior, loss of appetite, or physical symptoms like fin rot. Effective treatment options include quarantine and medication, along with disease prevention strategies and stress management.

Why is the Arowana considered an endangered species, and what conservation efforts are in place?

Arowana populations are declining due to habitat destruction and overfishing. Conservation efforts, including breeding programs, aim to preserve and restore their numbers. Conservationists emphasize the importance of Arowana habitat preservation and sustainable practices by aquarium hobbyists.


Asian arowana

Ornamental Aquatic Trade Association (OATA)

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)


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